Ness is a metaphor for a modern American white male. His striped T-shirt is a reference to Chris-chan, suggesting he has autistic, asocial tendencies. Rejecting the modernity, he quits the society to live a house in the woods with his mother like a true NEET to pursuit a primitive lifestyle. His father is absent, alluding to the modern issue of broken families and lack of male role models. His neighbor Pokey is clearly a metaphor for a race of merchants, who probably wears a small hat too. As Ness is confronted by aliens, he has to go through the modern world to face its creations. Realizing that the Industrial Revolution and its consequences have been a disaster for the human race, he goes on a crusade to cleanse that society; but Pokey, as a metaphor for the merchants, tries to stop him. Enraged, Ness goes on a baseball bat beating spree, but it saved from his rage by loli tradwive Paula. As he's joined by nerds and Asians, Ness goes back in time to fight aliens and Pokey, who has now infiltrated banks and governments and has become the greatest ally to Giygas. Itoi suggest that the only escape from the evils of today is to go back in time, to the era before 1960s and civil rights, and remove (((them))) with physical violence. In a symbolic gesture, the Marxist evil, portrayed as an absurdist Bauhaus painting, is defeated with Christian prayer, suggesting it's the ultimate force in this world. We finally realize that the Dad on the phone was Jesus himself all along, giving us his guidance, and that only he can "Save" our progress.