[ 3 / biz / cgl / ck / diy / fa / ic / jp / lit / sci / vr / vt ] [ index / top / reports ] [ become a patron ] [ status ]
2023-11: Warosu is now out of extended maintenance.

/lit/ - Literature

View post   

File: 59 KB, 500x500, gettyimages-79035252.jpg [View same] [iqdb] [saucenao] [google]
23305749 No.23305749 [Reply] [Original]

What are some books about teleology within a physicalist worldview?

>> No.23305777

Physicalism / materialism does not leave room for a radical account of teleology. The best it can do is provide a limited teleology that provides a purpose of a thing according to the framework of nature but nature itself can not have a purpose -- it just is. This is why post-Darwinian biology avoid the metaphysically laoded term "teleology" like the plague and speak (sometimes, if necessary) of "teleometry".
There is abundance of philosophical schools that take such a position regarding teleology. The epicureans are the most prominent representatives that neatly fit in the framework of your request. The most detailed epicurean account of this nature you can find in "De rerum natura" by Lucretius. If you are interested especially in the conflict of the seemingly teleological arrangement of animals with the anti-teleological mechanical view that is the core of modern science, you can read Kant's "Kritik der Urteilskraft" in which he tries to construct a kind of pseudo-teleology that reconciles both sides. This is further discussed in the tradition of German Idealism and the foundation of the modern teleological debate within the life sciences and philosophy of life.
I hope I provided you with two adequate starting points for your interests. If you want additional pointers or clarifications -- feel free to ask!