Intelligence is multifaceted, and while IQ and general intelligence can predict certain abilities, they do not determine everything, including artistic skills like drawing. Drawing involves a complex interplay of cognitive processes, emotional expression, and motor skills. It requires not only an understanding of shapes and lines but also the ability to convey emotion and narrative through visual means.
There is evidence that drawing can have significant cognitive benefits, including enhanced memory and improved understanding of spatial relationships 1. Some studies suggest that drawing might be particularly useful for encoding and retrieving memories, which could be why individuals with different cognitive profiles excel at it.
Moreover, drawing is often seen as a form of communication, and as such, it can be influenced by a variety of factors beyond just raw intelligence. Communicative intent plays a crucial role in how we perceive and create images 1. Additionally, drawing can serve as a measure of intellectual maturity and reflect changes in cognitive development.
In summary, while a higher IQ might correlate with certain abilities, it does not guarantee proficiency in drawing. Many factors contribute to one's ability to draw well, including practice, interest, and personal motivation, which can transcend standardized intelligence measures.