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29850098 No.29850098 [Reply] [Original]

With shard chains, validators only need to store/run data for the shard they're validating. Key to Ethereum's long term security is a strong distribution of clients. Rollups are a "layer 2" technology that exists today. They allow dapps to bundle or “roll up” transactions into a single transaction off-chain, generate a cryptographic proof and then submit it to the chain.

All in all only one thing matters:

Succinct zero-knowledge proofs can be verified within a few milliseconds, with a proof length of only a few hundred bytes even for statements about programs that are very large.